Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna (ZARYA) (Norad ID: 25544)
|Spacetrack Directory Number||25544|
|Spacetrack Directory Name||ISS|
|Alternative name||Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna (ZARYA)|
|Days in orbit||8144|
|Country/organisation of origin||International Space Station (ISS)|
|Starting point||TYMSC (Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan)|
|Orbit slope (inclination)||51.64°|
|Follow us on ISS||Tracker ISS|
|Times ISS||Time flights ISS|
Additional information ISS
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit. The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements. The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology, and other fields. The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars. The ISS maintains an orbit with an average altitude of 400 kilometres (250 mi) by means of reboost manoeuvres using the engines of the Zvezda module or visiting spacecraft. It circles the Earth in roughly 92 minutes and completes 15.5 orbits per day. The station is divided into two sections, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is operated by Russia, and the United States Orbital Segment (USOS), which is shared by many nations. Roscosmos has endorsed the continued operation of ISS through 2024, but had previously proposed using elements of the Russian segment to construct a new Russian space station called OPSEK. As of December 2018, the station is expected to operate until 2030. The first ISS component was launched in 1998, with the first long-term residents arriving on 2 November 2000. Since then, the station has been continuously occupied for 19 years and 98 days. This is the longest continuous human presence in low Earth orbit, having surpassed the previous record of 9 years and 357 days held by Mir. The latest major pressurised module was fitted in 2011, with an experimental inflatable space habitat added in 2016. Development and assembly of the station continues, with several major new Russian elements scheduled for launch starting in 2020. The ISS is the largest human-made body in low Earth orbit and can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth. The ISS consists of pressurised habitation modules, structural trusses, solar arrays, radiators, docking ports, experiment bays and robotic arms. Major ISS modules have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets and US Space Shuttles. The ISS is the ninth space station to be inhabited by crews, following the Soviet and later Russian Salyut, Almaz, and Mir stations as well as Skylab from the US. The station is serviced by a variety of visiting spacecraft: the Russian Soyuz and Progress, the US Dragon and Cygnus, the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, and formerly the European Automated Transfer Vehicle. The Dragon spacecraft allows the return of pressurised cargo to Earth (downmass), which is used for example to repatriate scientific experiments for further analysis. The Soyuz return capsule has minimal downmass capability next to the astronauts. The ISS has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 19 different nations. As of September 2019, 239 people from 19 countries had visited the space station, many of them multiple times. The United States sent 151 people, Russia sent 47, nine were Japanese, eight Canadian, five Italian, four French, three German, and one each from Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, the Netherlands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.
ISS 1 25544U 98067A 21066.99829593 .00001269 00000-0 31140-4 0 9990 2 25544 51.6449 123.2095 0003367 80.6848 344.2239 15.49049044272914
The graph shows how the orbital height of the ISS has changed over the last year. We collect data from 2018-07-01. We update the current altitude every hour. The average height of the station for today will be available on tomorrow.
The elevation of the orbit is clearly visible, which dramatically increases its height and gradually decreases the altitude associated with the resistance of the Earth's atmosphere.
Date of exalting: 2021-03-07
Uplink: 145.825 Mhz Downlink: 145.825 MHz Mode: 1200bps AFSK Call sign: RS0ISS ARISS Uplink: 145.990 Mhz Downlink: 437.800 MHz Mode: FM_tone 67.0Hz Uplink: 145.990 Mhz Downlink: 145.800 MHz Mode: SSTV Uplink: 145.200 Mhz Downlink: 145.800 MHz Mode: Voice(Reg 1) Call sign: NA1SS Uplink: 144.490 Mhz Downlink: 145.800 MHz Mode: Voice(Reg 2 3) Call sign: NA1SS Uplink: 435.050 Mhz Downlink: 145.800 MHz Mode: FM_tone 67.0Hz Uplink: 437.550 Mhz Downlink: 437.550 MHz Mode: 1200bps AFSK Call sign: RS0ISSSee next dates