TOP #1


Spacetrack Directory Number
Orbit launches
423.39 km
Average height
27574.21 km/h
Average velocity

Satellite information ISS (ZARYA) - Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna (ZARYA)

Spacetrack Directory Name ISS (ZARYA)
Alternative name Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna (ZARYA)
Follow ISS (ZARYA) ISS (ZARYA) Tracker
Pass predictions ISS (ZARYA) Pass predictions ISS (ZARYA)
Orbit launches 1998-11-20 g.01:00 (25 years ago)
Days in orbit 9232
Country/organisation of origin International Space Station (ISS)
Starting point TYMSC (Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan)
WWW Here
Perigee 413 km/h
Apogee 422 km
Orbit slope (inclination) 51.64°
Laps per day 15
Orbit LEO (Non-Polar Inclined)
Height ISS (ZARYA) 423.39 km

Additional information ISS (ZARYA)

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit. The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements. The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology, and other fields. The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars. The ISS maintains an orbit with an average altitude of 400 kilometres (250 mi) by means of reboost manoeuvres using the engines of the Zvezda module or visiting spacecraft. It circles the Earth in roughly 92 minutes and completes 15.5 orbits per day. The station is divided into two sections, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is operated by Russia, and the United States Orbital Segment (USOS), which is shared by many nations. Roscosmos has endorsed the continued operation of ISS through 2024, but had previously proposed using elements of the Russian segment to construct a new Russian space station called OPSEK. As of December 2018, the station is expected to operate until 2030. The first ISS component was launched in 1998, with the first long-term residents arriving on 2 November 2000. Since then, the station has been continuously occupied for 19 years and 98 days. This is the longest continuous human presence in low Earth orbit, having surpassed the previous record of 9 years and 357 days held by Mir. The latest major pressurised module was fitted in 2011, with an experimental inflatable space habitat added in 2016. Development and assembly of the station continues, with several major new Russian elements scheduled for launch starting in 2020. The ISS is the largest human-made body in low Earth orbit and can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth. The ISS consists of pressurised habitation modules, structural trusses, solar arrays, radiators, docking ports, experiment bays and robotic arms. Major ISS modules have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets and US Space Shuttles. The ISS is the ninth space station to be inhabited by crews, following the Soviet and later Russian Salyut, Almaz, and Mir stations as well as Skylab from the US. The station is serviced by a variety of visiting spacecraft: the Russian Soyuz and Progress, the US Dragon and Cygnus, the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, and formerly the European Automated Transfer Vehicle. The Dragon spacecraft allows the return of pressurised cargo to Earth (downmass), which is used for example to repatriate scientific experiments for further analysis. The Soyuz return capsule has minimal downmass capability next to the astronauts. The ISS has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 19 different nations. As of September 2019, 239 people from 19 countries had visited the space station, many of them multiple times. The United States sent 151 people, Russia sent 47, nine were Japanese, eight Canadian, five Italian, four French, three German, and one each from Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, the Netherlands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.



Average orbit height ISS (ZARYA)

Average velocity ISS (ZARYA)

Average inclination ISS (ZARYA)

Frequency ISS (ZARYA)

In the table below we show the frequencies ISS (ZARYA).

Uplink Downlink Mode Call sign
145.825 Mhz
145.825 Mhz 1200bps AFSK RS0ISS ARISS
145.990 Mhz
437.800 Mhz FM* tone 67.0Hz 9k6 FSK NA1SS
145.990 Mhz
145.800 Mhz SSTV
145.200 Mhz
145.800 Mhz Voice(Reg 1) NA1SS
144.490 Mhz
145.800 Mhz Voice(Reg 2 3) NA1SS
435.050 Mhz
145.800 Mhz FM tone 67.0Hz
437.550 Mhz
437.550 Mhz 1200bps AFSK RS0ISS

Update time: 2024-02-29 02:49:07
Average height of ISS ISS is: 423.39km
Average velocity ISS is: 27574.21km/s
Średnie nachylenie orbity ISS is: 51.64°
ISS został wyniesiony na orbitę w dniu 1998-11-20
ISS is from 9232 days na orbicie.